Buddhism has many different national and local cultures and
traditions. But even though the style of Buddha statues might vary regionally,
they can be recognised by their hand gestures, or mudras, which each convey a
spiritual meaning. There are over 100 different mudras.
The karana gesture has its index finger and little finger
pointing straight upwards, while the other fingers fold into the palm. The
karana Buddha can be depicted both seated and standing. The meaning of this
gesture is to ward off evil and to get rid of demons and negative energy.